Students and athletes are among the most frequent abusers of Stimulants while attempting to boost performance. Stimulants are also being abused as a recreational fix.
Stimulants improve cognitive function and alertness by stimulating the CNS. Prescription medications or illicit substances such as Cocaine are included under Stimulants. Injecting it, inhaling it or orally are the three ways of taking Stimulants.
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Prescription Stimulants Brands And Names
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy and sometimes obesity are treated with the assistance of prescription Stimulants. Amphetamines and Methylphenidates are the most popular Stimulants. Despite the variation between Stimulants at the molecular level (amphetamines and methylphenidate), they more or less still bring the same effects when ingested. Based on the soreness and length of time, drug recommendations are made for patients using either amphetamines and methylphenidates.
Some of the most well-known prescription Stimulants include
- The latest common therapy medicine and the mostly recommended amphetamine in America is the 1960 authorized Adderall.
- Dexedrine - also known as Dextroamphetamine or Dexamphetamine is a treatment drug used in ADHD and narcolepsy.
- The U.S. employed this drug.
- To keep pilots alert during World War II until the Gulf War.
- Ritalin - was approved in 1955, this drug has been used in the treatment of hyperactive children.
- Since it is a Methylphenidate, there are similarities between Adderall and Dexedrine.
- Amphetamines and Methylphenidates have dissimilar molecular composition, although both have similar Stimulants consequences.
- Concerta - Concerta approved in 2000, is a relatively new drug used to treat ADHD.
- Although it shares its molecular structure with Ritalin, its intensity and the length of time that its effects stay in the body.
- Desoxyn - a methamphetamine used under order.
- It was the first medication prescribed for obesity, after its introduction in 1947.
- ADHD is also cured with this prescription.
- Ephedrine - Is popularly used as an appetite suppressant and bronchodilator for those with asthma, it has similar effects to other Stimulants.
- Meth labs usually use this drug as one of the ingredients and this is due to the fact that it's available over the counter.
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Stimulants Addiction And The Effects
Since they have a high potential for abuse and addiction, prescription Stimulants are classified as a Schedule II drug under the Controlled Substances Act. There are reported cases of 900,000 of Stimulants abuse in the US alone.
Below are some immediate effects of Stimulants to the body
- Declination or lack of appetite
- Feeling energetic
Improving performance rather than getting high is usually the main reason for prescription Stimulants abuse. This is why Stimulants are so used by athletes and students, to stand out.
Dopamine has a feel-good effect on the body and Stimulants cause an increase in its production. The body loses its normal capacity to produce this hormone or neurotransmitter with prolonged use of Stimulants. The addiction will come thanks to the need of producing dopamine and feel its effect.
Stimulants That Are Prohibited
Cocaine in its various forms and methamphetamine are also Stimulants. The effect of these drugs and those of prescription Stimulants are similar.